20 random words retrieved

  1. 1

    Beta Israel

    Ethiopian Jewish community

  2. 2

    borscht

    "Borshtsh" is the Russian word for beet soup. Among Jews soup made from beets is considered Polish borshtsh, while Russian borshtsh is made from cabbage.

    "An Eastern European soup traditionally made with beets." (JPS)

  3. 3

    hachnasas orchim

    hospitality (lit. "bringing in guests")

  4. 4

    olam habah

    "The world to come"; the messianic age; Heaven

  5. 5

    chas v'chalila

    "heaven forbid" (Steinmetz's Yiddish and English dictionary)

  6. 6

    Shemoneh Esrei

    another name for the Amida, the central prayer during Jewish services. [lit. 'eighteen', the number of blessings it originally had]

  7. 7

    kol hakavod

    Literally, "All the honor", as in "More honor to you!"

    "well done" (Glinert)

  8. 8

    Aleph-bet

    "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  9. 9

    da'as torah

    Intuitive knowledge that comes from a lifetime of Torah study.

    The authoritative wisdom of the tradition mediated by "gedolim" or great rabbis.

  10. 10

    chatzos

    halachic midday and midnight

  11. 11

    tzadik

    Someone who does extremely righteous deeds.

    A highly learned and esteemed rabbinic leader (sometimes used as an alternative name for a Hasidic rebbe).

    Common name for the 18th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (tzadi / tzade).

  12. 12

    heter

    rabbinic allowance

  13. 13

    dayan

    a rabbinic judge who may directly question and cross-examine witnesses

    a judge who sits and adjudicates cases involving religious practices or spiritual matters

  14. 14

    Shabbat Shalom

    Used as a greeting or departing line (hello or goodbye) on or before Shabbat. Literally "peaceful Sabbath."

  15. 15

    cherem

    "excommunication; ostracism" (Yiddish)

  16. 16

    marit ayin

    suspicious-looking action; doing something that may cause an observer to think that one violated halachah and thus arouse suspicion, or alternatively, doing something that could mislead somebody to interpret than an action is permitted and then violate halachah him/herself

  17. 17

    chadar ochel

    dining hall, dining room

  18. 18

    taharas hamishpachah

    the body of law surrounding menstruation, lit. "family purity"

  19. 19

    mechitza

    the separation between men and women in Orthodox prayer spaces [lit. "separation"]

  20. 20

    apikorsus

    heresy